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Extra Rare Territory of California Official Document (101469)

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Extra Rare Territory of California Official Document  (101469)
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This is dated April 12, 1849. It approves Manuel Espindola to purchase a plot of land in Sonoma for $9.25. Signed by 1st Alcade Lilburn M Boggs. Espinola received 323 acres of land for the $9.25. Espindola signs the document with his 'x'. The document explicitly states Territory of California - District of Sonoma. California never was officially a territory! 1849 was an important time in California history. The Treaty of Hidalgo guaranteed the Californios rights to their land. But many could not compete with the wealthy Americanos and lost some, most or all of their land.

The document's signatures are steeped in history. Espindola and Basignano would lease some of their land to none other than Salvador Vallejo for ten years in 1850 for ten years. (This could be the land on this document?) Vallejo was a powerful Californio who helped transfer the land from Mexican to American rule. The city of Vallejo was named to Salvador and the City of Benicia for his wife.

Lilburn Williams Boggs was raised in the Wild West - Kentucky - in the 1800's. He would would fight in the War of 1812, and become a Missouri state senator, lieutenant governor and finally governor from 1836 to 1840. While governor of Missouri, Boggs issued Missouri Executive Order 44, a document known in Latter-day Saint history as the "Extermination Order." A response to the escalating threats and violence in what came to be known as the Missouri 1838 Mormon War and resulted in the deportation of all Mormons. In 1842 Boggs was shot by an unknown party (Mormon?) who fired at him through a window as he read a newspaper in his study. Boggs was hit by large buckshot in four places: two balls were lodged in his skull, another lodged in his neck, and a fourth entered his throat, whereupon Boggs swallowed it. Boggs was severely injured. Several doctors— - Boggs' brother among them - pronounced Boggs as good as dead; at least one newspaper ran an obituary. To everyone's great surprise, Boggs not only survived, but gradually improved. So, he moved west and arrived in California in 1846. His wagon train was at first lead by William H Russell (yes. the Pony Express Russell), but when he stepped won Boggs became the leader. For a short time the Donner Party actually joined Bogg's train. In California he settle in what was to become Sonoma. There he became the 1st Alcalde in 1847 and let the position in 1849. He served in the California Assembly in 1862.

Provenance:
Country (if not USA):
State: California
City/County: Sonoma
Date: 1849