Knight's Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus with Passenger Receipt [146650]

Currency:USD Category:Antiques / Jewelry & Watches Start Price:1,000.00 USD Estimated At:2,000.00 USD and UP
Knight's Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus with Passenger Receipt [146650]
11,000.00USD+ (2,200.00) buyer's premium + applicable fees & taxes.
This item SOLD at 2022 Dec 03 @ 15:28UTC-8 : PST/AKDT
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Among the interesting and enigmatic artifacts recovered from the S.S. Central America is a medal of the Knight's Order of Saint Maurice and Saint Lazarus found in the first cabin area. The history of the order transitioned over time from the separate Order of Saint Lazarus, the Patron Saint of Lepers, established pre-1100 in Palestine and the Order of Saint Maurice, the Patron Saint of Savoy, established in the 1400s. Both monastic brotherhoods evolved into hereditary military institutions of the nobility within the Catholic Church. The orders were combined in 1572 in the face of challenges from the Protestant Reformation and Muslim military activities in the Mediterranean region. Badges of the two orders were combined to form a white-enameled cross bottony of the Order of Saint Maurice, with a green-enameled Maltese Cross, the Cross of the Order of Saint Lazarus, placed in saltire between the arms of the cross bottony. The badge of each class except that of Knight and Dame is topped by a gilt crown. The modern knight's badge is 41mm across, while that of a dame is slightly smaller at 37mm. The specimen in this auction is 64 x 60 mm and weighs approximately 30 grams. It is double-sided -- each side being practically identical -- and in excellent condition, with a slight staining of the raised bottony knobs on each side. See the detailed article on this item in the catalog at www.holabirdamericana.com
Video of recovery:

Date: 1857
Country (if not USA):
Provenance: SS Central America Collection