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Pony Express / Overland Mail Document (77653)

Currency:USD Category:Collectibles / Wells Fargo & Express Co's Memorabilia Start Price:375.00 USD Estimated At:750.00 - 1,500.00 USD
Pony Express / Overland Mail Document   (77653)
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Wow! Weekly Register. Post Office at St. Joseph, Missouri, Route No. 10.773 from St. Joseph to Placerville, California. Contract time of arrival is twenty days from starting. Contract time of departure is six times a week. Record the Day of the Week, Monthly Date, Hour of Arrival, Cause of Delay, Hour of Departure, Cause of Detention, No. of Newspaper Bags received, and No. of Newspaper Bag sent. This has entries for Monday Sept. 30th (arrival at 730, departure at 10am) to Saturday, October 5th. Signed by postmaster J.L. Bittinger. 5.5 x 7.5" Deep center fold with tape repaired separation, toning. According to our research, this document is from the Fourth Stage of the Pony Express. Appendix C of "The Pony Express, A Postal History" by Frajola, Kramer, and Walske, is a Post Office Department Order from March 12, 1861 to the Overland Mail Company. Route No. 12.801 and 12.578 have been consolidated to No. 10.773. The new contract, pursuant to act of Congress approved March 2nd, 1861, calls for letter mail to be carried in 20 days time, 8 months of the year, and in 23 days the remaining 4 months, from St. Joseph to Placerville. Also they were required to have a "pony express" semi-weekly service, 10 days for 8 months of the year and 12 days 4 months of the year. The contract was set to expire on July 1st, 1864. This information dates our document to Sept-Oct. of 1861. According to The Overland Mail by Hafen, Stage 4 of the Pony Express began in July 1861 and consisted of approx. 17-18 day travel from St. Joseph to California. The Pony Express ended operations in October 1861, being in operation only since April 1860.

Date: 1861
State/Country: Missouri
City/County: St. Joseph